Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe health complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death.
Blood pressure is the force that a person’s blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work. Almost half of all adults in the United States have high blood pressure, but many are not aware of this fact. Hypertension is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and aneurysm. Keeping blood pressure under control is vital for preserving health and reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions.
A person with hypertension may not notice any symptoms, and so people often call it the “silent killer.” Without detection, hypertension can damage the heart, blood vessels, and other organs, such as the kidneys. It is vital to check blood pressure regularly.
In rare and severe cases, high blood pressure causes sweating, anxiety, sleeping problems, and blushing. However, most people with hypertension will experience no symptoms at all.
If high blood pressure becomes a hypertensive crisis, a person may experience headaches and nosebleeds.
Long term hypertension can cause complications through atherosclerosis where plaque develops on the walls of blood vessels, causing them to narrow.
This narrowing makes hypertension worse, as the heart must pump harder to circulate the blood.
Hypertension-related atherosclerosis can lead to:
- heart failure and heart attacks
- aneurysm, or abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery that can burst
- kidney failure
- hypertensive retinopathies in the eye, which can lead to blindness
Regular blood pressure monitoring can help people avoid these more severe complications.
People can use specific medications to treat hypertension. Doctors will often recommend a low dose at first. Anti-hypertensive medications will usually only have minor side effects.
Eventually, people with hypertension will need to combine two or more drugs to manage their blood pressure.
Medications for hypertension include:
- diuretics, including thiazides, chlorthalidone, and indapamide
- beta-blockers and alpha-blockers
- calcium-channel blockers
- central agonists
- peripheral adrenergic inhibitor
- angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
- angiotensin receptor blockers
The choice of medication depends on the individual and any underlying medical conditions they may experience.
Anyone on anti-hypertensive medications should carefully read the labels of any over-the-counter (OTC) drugs they may also take, such as decongestants. These OTC drugs may interact with the medications they are taking to lower their blood pressure.
The cause of hypertension is often not known. In many cases, it is the result of an underlying condition.
Doctors call high blood pressure that is not due to another condition or disease primary or essential hypertension.
If an underlying condition is the cause of increasing blood pressure, doctors call this secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension can result from multiple factors, including:
- blood plasma volume
- hormone activity in people who manage blood volume and pressure using medication
- environmental factors, such as stress and lack of exercise
Secondary hypertension has specific causes and is a complication of another health problem.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common cause of high blood pressure, as the kidneys no longer filter out fluid. This excess fluid leads to hypertension.
Conditions that can lead to hypertension include:
- diabetes, due to kidney problems and nerve damage
- kidney disease
- pheochromocytoma, a rare cancer of an adrenal gland
- Cushing syndrome that corticosteroid drugs can cause
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a disorder of the cortisol-secreting adrenal glands
- hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid gland
- hyperparathyroidism, which affects calcium and phosphorous levels
- sleep apnea
If you had tried various conventional treatments, and still do not have any improvement. There are possibilities that you might have heavy metal accumulated in your body.
Our doctor begin by identifying the underlying cause of your Hypertension, followed by a metal test, before putting together a suitable treatment plan.